Last edited by Sharn
Tuesday, October 20, 2020 | History

2 edition of Hypertension among blacks found in the catalog.

Hypertension among blacks

Gail S. Gibson

Hypertension among blacks

an annotated bibliography

by Gail S. Gibson

  • 158 Want to read
  • 26 Currently reading

Published by American Heart Association in Dallas, Tex .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Hypertension -- Bibliography.,
  • Blacks -- Diseases -- Bibliography.,
  • African Americans -- Diseases -- Bibliography.

  • Edition Notes

    StatementGail S. Gibson, Ashton Gibbons.
    GenreBibliography.
    SeriesAmerican Heart Association monograph -- no. 85, Hypertension -- pt. 2, v. 4, no. 1, Hypertension -- 1979. -- v. 4, no. 1.
    ContributionsGibbons, Ashton F. E.
    The Physical Object
    Pagination52 p. ;
    Number of Pages52
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16567695M

      Hypertension is known to occur much more frequently in blacks than in the general population, roughly 33% to 50% more frequently. In addition, severe hypertension occurs 3 to 7 times more commonly in blacks than whites and is associated with an excessive amount of target organ by:   The age-adjusted prevalence of hypertension was 34%, %, and % for men and 31%, 21%, and % for women among blacks, whites, and Mexican Americans, respectively. NHANES III reported the prevalence of hypertension was 12% for white men and 5% for white women aged years. However, the age-related BP rise for women exceeds that .

      ''If there were no racism in America, hypertension would be less of a problem among blacks,'' said Dr. Elijah Saunders, a cardiologist at the University of Maryland Medical School and co-author of. The slavery hypertension hypothesis proposes that disproportionately high rates of hypertension among blacks in the New World are due to selection bias preferring individuals who retain more sodium among black slaves during the Middle Passage.. History. It was originally proposed in by Clarence Grim and Thomas W. Wilson, who subsequently promoted it heavily during .

    The prevalence of hypertension predilection for cardiovascular disease is approximately 32% elevated in the Black and most of the medications applied in treating hypertension are ineffectual in decreasing blood pressures of the Blacks than for the whites (Douglas, Barkris, Epstein, Ferdinard, & Flack, ). For this reason, in order to prevent. Aging and Hypertension among Blacks: A Multidimensional Perspective – Norman B. Anderson Dementing Illness and Black Americans – F. M. Baker. Part 4: Social and Behavioral Processes among Older Black Adults Subjective Well-Being among Older Black Adults: Past Trends and Current Perspectives – Linda M. Chatters.


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Hypertension among blacks by Gail S. Gibson Download PDF EPUB FB2

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, affects African-Americans in unique ways: African-Americans develop high blood pressure at younger ages than other groups in the U.S. The excess of hypertension among blacks has been recognized since early in this century and explains a substantial portion of the black health disadvantage.

In a cohort study begun in the s, hypertension accounted for 20% of all-cause mortality among blacks, compared to 10% among by: Overall, studies reported a higher prevalence of hypertension among Caribbean blacks compared to West African blacks and Caucasians.

Hypertension and its. Non-Hispanic blacks (NHB) have significantly higher rates of hypertension compared to non-Hispanic whites (NHW), while Hispanics and non-Hispanic Asians (NHA) have lower rates than both groups.

2 In an NHANES survey, 3 hypertension control rates among non-Hispanic white adults (%) was significantly higher than NHB (%), NHA (%), and.

Genre/Form: Bibliography: Additional Physical Format: Online version: Gibson, Gail S. Hypertension among blacks. Dallas, Tex.: American Heart Association, Among blacks over the age of 18, 23% of the population currently has uncontrolled hypertension, whereas for whites the corresponding figure is 18%.9, 14This burden falls disproportionately on men, and increases to 45% among persons 50 to 69 years of age.

At the same time, remarkable progress has been made in pharmacological by: The mean SBP among blacks Hypertension among blacks book hypertension was approximately 6 mm Hg higher than that for the total adult black population and 7 mm Hg higher than that Hypertension among blacks book whites with hypertension.

Within the hypertensive population, a reduction in mean SBP among blacks to that of whites would reduce the annual number of deaths among blacks from heart disease Cited by: The Jackson Heart Study (JHS), a community-based cohort study of African-American adults living in the Jackson, Mississippi, metropolitan statistical area, was initiated in response to the high prevalence of CVD among African Americans.

14;15 The complete documentation of medication use in this large group of hypertensive African Americans Cited by: Salt, slavery, and survival: physiological principles underlying the evolutionary hypothesis of salt-sensitive hypertension in western hemisphere blacks.

In: Pathophysiology of Hypertension in Blacks, edited by Fray JCS, Douglas JG. New York: Springer,p. 25– doi: /_2. Crossref Google Scholar; Grollman by: 1. Pathophysiology of Hypertension in Blacks examines much of the research that has been done to explain the pathogenesis of hypertension among black Americans.

The book is divided into four sections. The first section considers genetic mechanisms of the disease. Methods: The Jackson Heart Study, a prospective cohort of blacks, included participants with clinic BP.

/90 mm Hg and complete ABPM, who were not taking antihypertensive medication at baseline in Using the ABPM to characterize systolic BP and diastolic BP, masked daytime HTN was defined as mean daytime BP ≥/85 mm Hg. According to the most recent National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data, the proportion of treated patients with controlled HTN among blacks were similar to those for Hispanics but significantly lower than whites.

1 These racial differences in control rates cannot be attributed to differences of awareness and treatment Cited by: 5. Hypertension among blacks: An annotated bibliography (American Heart Association monograph) [Gail S Gibson] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

Fried chicken, mac and cheese and sweet drinks: A study suggests Southern cuisine may be at the center of a tangled web of reasons why blacks in America are more prone to hypertension than whites.

The United Press International (UPI) newswire story carried the headline “Black Slave Heritage Linked to Hypertension,” 26 and the story ran in newspapers under headlines such as “High Blood Pressure, Most Deadly Among Blacks, Is Inherited.” 27 The UPI newswire story stated that up to 40 million Africans were captured in the slave trade.

Abstract Hypertension, particularly among African Americans, has been increasing in importance in the past 10 years. One aspect of this problem is poor disease management. This study examined illness beliefs, behav-iors, and hypertension control among African Ameri-can outpatients.

Participants were interviewed about their commonsense. Background. Racial/ethnic disparities in hypertension (HTN) prevalence continue to persist in United States.

We aimed in this study to examine the racial/ethnic disparities in hypertension prevalence and to determine whether or not health disparities may be explained by racial/ethnic disparities in co-morbidities.

Materials and by: 5. Hypertension is a major contributor to the global disease burden and is one of the leading preventable causes of premature death worldwide. 1 In the US, a disproportionate burden of hypertension and its associated complications—including coronary heart disease, heart failure, stroke, and end-stage renal disease and cardiovascular disease mortality—affect African.

Hypertension is both more common and more destructive in African-Americans than in other ethnic groups. According to the – National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data, the current prevalence of hypertension in African-Americans is %, which is well above non-Hispanic whites at %.Cited by: 2.

The International Society on Hypertension in Blacks (abbreviated ISHIB) is a non-profit medical society based in Atlanta, United States which is dedicated to improving the health of racial and ethnic minority groups worldwide.

It was founded in by the physicians Dallas Hall, Neil B. Shulman, and Elijah Saunders, in response to concern about high rates of hypertension Founder: Dallas Hall, Neil B.

Shulman, and Elijah. hypertension or high blood pressure, elevated blood pressure resulting from an increase in the amount of blood pumped by the heart or from increased resistance to the flow of blood through the small arterial blood vessels (arterioles).

Hypertension was generally defined as a blood pressure reading of over 90 or higher, but new guidelines issued in define .Hypertension in Blacks: a literature review particularly among Blacks. This review serves to emphasize and reiterate the burden of hypertension among Blacks and acts as a.

Duringthe overall age-adjusted prevalence of hypertension control among persons with hypertension aged ≥18 years was %. Men, adults aged years, Mexican Americans, foreign-born, and persons without health insurance had a lower prevalence of hypertension control than their counterparts.